Date 1976
Medium Laminated steel
Dimensions 91.5 x 152 x 152 cm
Inventory ID UID 102-290
Donald Judd studied painting at the Arts Students League in New York, then studied philosophy at Columbia University. In 1963 his first personal exhibition took place, in which he displayed works in relief and Plexiglas boxes. It was at this point that he wrote the text considered as his manifesto: ‘Specific objects’, published in 1965, in which he announced the end of the distinction between sculpture and painting, a distinction linked to an academic vision of art. His works of art are meant to provide a particular configuration for space. Thus, his Stacks are made up of a succession of elements aligned vertically, fixed on a wall with cantilevers. The work in the Berardo Collection is part of a different series: cubic boxes placed on the floor. They have the appearance of wells into which one can gaze; their function is to reveal space. Judd explains his intent by way of the opposition sought between the exterior and interior of the box: one is ‘well defined’ while the other is ‘indefinite’, i.e. without end. Here, the part in elevation reflects the light and the surrounding space, while the depths one discovers inside appear to absorb these things. By drawing and precipitating light and space into a bottomless well, the box swallows space. In the 1990s, Judd extended this principle to architecture and design, notably with the landscaping of buildings in the small town of Marfa, Texas. J-FC