Coleção Berardo (1900-1960)

Coleção Berardo (1900-1960)
Body: 

The first group of works in the exhibition offers a journey through modern art, beginning in the early twentieth century with Picasso and the invention of cubism and Duchamp and the questions surrounding the readymade. The rapid and breathtaking succession of avant-garde movements, which invented new ways of understanding space, are represented in groups of works devoted to dadaism, constructivism, neoplasticism, surrealism and abstraction-création. These movements offered a profusion of different positions that allowed a radical change to take place in the concept of the work of art and its corresponding nature and function.       

In the post-war period, new emerging movements were represented by informalism, abstract expressionism, the new School of Paris, kinetic art, the Zero Group, spatialism, and the different perspectives on figuration or the colour field. These movements developed the investigations made by previous avante-garde movements and progressively made abstraction the language of a new world order that emerged in this period, despite the anti-modernist opposition with which it was received at the time and the institutionalization of its sphere of autonomy, which broke off the relationship with life of which the early avant-garde movements had dreamed.

The emergence of neo-dadaism, along with nouveau réalisme and pop art, made it possible to rediscover, in Duchamp’s gesture and the invention of the readymade, the process by which meaning became a unique and unplanned event for no particular reason, revealing, in the context of the west’s growing prosperity, a subject fragmented between the traces of the world, gradually becoming hostage to a subjectivity of consumption.